Title: Time and Reflexivity in Organization Studies:An Introduction
Authors: Elena Antonacopoulou and Haridimos Tsoukas
Introduction: Questions of time and reflexivity have been increasingly prominent in the social sciences in general, and in organization studies in particular (Steier 1991; Woolgar 1988). There has been a growing realization that social phenomena occur in time, evolve in time, and are shaped by humans whose perceptions, experiences, and interactions are formed in time (Bateson 1979; Adams 1995). Moreover, as well as human action yielding particular outcomes at a certain point in time, viewed over a sufficiently long time span, it is shaped by the manner in which actors reflect on those outcomes and on the process of obtaining them in order to carry on acting. Reflexivity, the turning of thought back on itself (Mead 1934), is an intrinsic trait of human beings. Time and reflexivity are connected, although opinions vary as to how exactly they do.