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Full Title: The cultural approach to the formation of organizational climate
Authors: E. Thomas Moran and J. Fredericks Volkwein

Abstract: This paper examines approaches to the formation of organizational climate. Three perspectives appearing in the literature the structural, the perceptual, and the interactive are identified and examined. Additionally, a perspective termed the “cultural approach” is developed. This approach posits that organizational climate arises from the intersubjectivity of members as they interact within a context established by an organization’s culture. A definition of organizational climate, informed by this approach, is presented. Finally, distinctions between organizational climate and organizational culture are examined.

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